Burn Wounds

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Types of Burn Wounds

  • First-degree Burns - Redness of the skin and no appearance of blisters. 
  • Second-degree Burns - The skin turns thick and blisters form all over, showing damage of underlying skin. 
  • Third-degree Burns - Leathery and waxy skin with numbness of the affected region. Nerves have been damaged. 
  • Fourth-degree Burns - The wound has exceeded to the flesh causing charring of the inner tissues. This usually is a fatal burn wound.

Causes of Burn Wounds

  • Scalding from hot liquids 
  • Electric burns 
  • Burns from fire or high heat 
  • Chemical burns 
  • High and extensive exposure to the sun

Top Five Things to care about with Burn Wounds

  • If the burn is minor then run cool (not cold) water over the burn for 5-10 minutes. This will help soothe the burning sensation. 

  • If it is a major burn then do not use water over the burn as it might damage the tissue even further. 

  • If it is a chemical burn then remove the contaminated clothing from the body. 

  • Do not pull any cloth stuck over the burn wound as it could damage the skin. 

  • Cover the wound with a damp cloth in the case of a minor burn and with a dry cloth or dressing in the case of a major burn.