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Public opinion has long held that a wound should heal in dry air, with the scab that forms there protecting it. However, moist wound healing is now widely acknowledged to be a quicker and better way than dry.


What is Moist Wound Healing?


Moist wound healing is the treatment of wounds by keeping them in an optimally moist environment. The principle behind this is that wounds heal faster as new tissues are formed when there is enough moisture. This practice was led by a research paper by Dr. George D. Winter in 1962 which turned conventional wisdom on its head by demonstrating that wounds heal faster and better when kept moist.


How does Moist Wound Healing work?


Essentially, moist wound healing works by creating and maintaining a moist wound environment that is needed for cell growth and new tissue formation. The specific healing mechanism involves inhibiting scab formation to let the wound exudate function effectively. Exudate is the moisture that naturally seeps out of wounds. It plays the lead role in healing through three key actions: it transports enzymes, growth factors, and hormones that boost cell growth; it acts as a medium for cells to ‘communicate’ and coordinate the healing process with one another, and it reduces infections by destroying bacteria and other pathogens.

The solid scabs formed in wounds prevent the exudate from carrying out these actions by blocking the movement of cells across it. Moist wound healing works by inhibiting the growth of these scabs. The wound can then close quickly.


Benefits of Moist Wound Healing


The many benefits of moist wound healing mostly stem from its inhibiting the formation of scabs.

  • Faster and better healing than dry healing: Cells can now communicate better, and growth factors and enzymes circulate freely across the wound area and are preserved in the fluid. The fibroblasts in the area produce more collagen. All of this leads to rapid cell growth and new tissue formation.
  • Fewer or milder infections: Exudates can function freely to destroy bacteria and other pathogens by promoting the development of new blood vessels and lowering the pH of the wound area. The natural corollary to this is the lower need, if any, of antibiotics.
  • Lesser pain: With moist healing, the pain is lesser. That promotes more mobility and thus better oxygenation which in turns promotes healing. Dressing removal is also painless or less painful.
  • Better cosmetic results: New and freely moving cells ensure that wound-closing proteins work efficiently to reduce inflammation. Due to the resultant absence of scabs, there is no scarring.
  • Better economy: Moist wound healing needs less frequent, and hence fewer, dressing changes.

Moist wound healing accelerates wound contraction and so is particularly good for chronic wounds, especially diabetic foot ulcers.


Moist Wound Healing Treatment Step-by-Step Procedure


Depending on the type and severity, moist healing treatment typically involves the following steps -

  1. Applying pressure on the area to stop the bleeding in a new acute wound.
  2. Thorough rinsing and cleaning to remove dead tissues, dirt, and other debris.
  3. Dressing the wound to create a moist wound bed.
  4. Changing the dressing based on the determined change frequency.
  5. Monitoring and evaluation of progress on an ongoing basis.

Each step involves its own set of dynamics. For instance, the cleaning should usually be done with soap and water alone as disinfectants can be toxic to the wound area cells and increase the inflammation; similarly, drying should be done with a clean dry towel or tissue - cotton wool could stick to the wound. Dressing change frequency is an important parameter that typically needs expert advice.


Moist Wound Healing Dressing Types


There are various types of dressings available for moist wound healing. The best dressings are strong on moisture retention to create and maintain an optimally moist wound environment. A few common and popular types include :



Where to buy Moist Wound Healing Dressings online?


At Shop Wound Care, we have the best wound care dressings from top-selling brands like Tegaderm, Amrigel, AquaGuard, and others. Speed up healing of your wound with the appropriate products to manage moist wounds. Our items are effective and will create the right environment for quick recovery. Buy now!