Surgical Wounds

Woven Type
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Types of Surgical Wounds Based on Contamination

  • Class I - They are called clean wounds and show no signs of inflammation or infection. They generally involve the eye or the vascular system. 

  • Class II - Also known as clean-contaminated wounds, they are not infected but have a high chance of getting infected because of their location. They mostly involve the gastrointestinal tract. 

  • Class III - Referred to as contaminated wounds, they generally have an involvement of an outside object that has contaminated the wound. 

  • Class IV - Also called dirty-contaminated wounds, they are the most prone to infections and are mostly those that have been exposed to fecal matter or worse.

Symptoms of Surgical Wounds

  • Delayed healing of the wound 
  • Increasing pain and redness around the wound 
  • Foul smell from the exudate of the wound 
  • The presence of pus in the wound

Treating a Surgical Wound

  • Surgical wounds have to be treated with care and dexterity as infections of these wounds can cause serious repercussions.  

  • A highly absorbent dressing should be used. 

  • The wound has to be irrigated using a saline solution or saline dressing. 

  • Anti-bacterial solutions should be used to clean the wound to ensure that no infections occur. 

  • The dressing should be changed as and when required.