Surgical Wounds

Surgical wounds are incisions created by surgeons while performing an operation for a condition or to insert a drain into the body. The initial dressing of the wound is done by the doctor themselves but home care of the wound requires dressing and redressing of the wound till it heals completely. There are a number of different surgical wounds but most of them depend on the size of the incision and the depth. The characteristics of all surgical wounds are the same. A surgical wound requires cleaning, dressing & redressing, and irrigation of the wound, and sometimes the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory creams to suppress the pain and swelling. Saline solutions are used to irrigate the wound, which is an important part of treating surgical wounds. At Shop Wound Care, we have a wide range of products for surgical wounds, from top selling brands such as Medline, Smith & Nephew, 3M, etc.

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Types of Surgical Wounds Based on Contamination

  • Class I - They are called clean wounds and show no signs of inflammation or infection. They generally involve the eye or the vascular system. 

  • Class II - Also known as clean-contaminated wounds, they are not infected but have a high chance of getting infected because of their location. They mostly involve the gastrointestinal tract. 

  • Class III - Referred to as contaminated wounds, they generally have an involvement of an outside object that has contaminated the wound. 

  • Class IV - Also called dirty-contaminated wounds, they are the most prone to infections and are mostly those that have been exposed to fecal matter or worse.

Symptoms of Surgical Wounds

  • Delayed healing of the wound 
  • Increasing pain and redness around the wound 
  • Foul smell from the exudate of the wound 
  • The presence of pus in the wound

Treating a Surgical Wound

  • Surgical wounds have to be treated with care and dexterity as infections of these wounds can cause serious repercussions.  

  • A highly absorbent dressing should be used. 

  • The wound has to be irrigated using a saline solution or saline dressing. 

  • Anti-bacterial solutions should be used to clean the wound to ensure that no infections occur. 

  • The dressing should be changed as and when required.