Xeroform Dressings - All You Need To Know About Them!

Xeroform dressings are a type of medical wound dressings that are infused with 3% Bismuth Tribromophenate in a petrolatum or oil emulsion base. Their antiseptic and antibacterial properties help protect the wound from infections. They can be used over a wide range of wound types, including open wounds, lacerations, burns, surgical incisions, skin grafts, etc. Xeroform gauzes are particularly useful as non-adherent dressings that do not stick to the wound and allow for trauma-free dressing removal.

Since plain dry gauze can stick to the wound easily, causing more pain during dressing changes, it is always preferable to saturate the gauze with some substance that makes it non-adherent. One of such a substance is petrolatum. When a gauze is saturated, like in the case of Xeroform wound dressings, it becomes easy to maintain a healthy and hydrated wound bed for faster recovery of wounds without harming the wound tissue.

Xeroform Dressings - All You Need To Know About Them!

Features of Xeroform Dressings

  • Contain 3% Bismuth Tribromophenate to provide bacteriostatic properties

  • Antibiotic agent speeds up the process of recovery by stopping the bacteria from reproducing

  • Non-adherent properties of Xeroform dressings cause minimal trauma to both the wound bed and patients

  • Provide a moist wound environment which is conducive to wound healing

  • Made up of fine, soft and conformable gauze

  • Bismuth Tribromophenate works as a deodorizing agent

  • Protect the tissue while promoting healing

  • Latex-free

Different Types of Xeroform Dressings

1. Xeroform Occlusive Dressing

Xeroform occlusive dressing helps prevent air from reaching the wound. It retains heat, moisture, and helps in keeping the medication in place. This promotes a moist wound environment that facilitates faster wound healing. Occlusive Xeroform dressing is impregnated with petrolatum and 3% Bismuth Tribromophenate to provide a non-adherent and bacteriostatic protection. It can be used as a primary contact layer on wounds such as skin grafts, lacerations, abrasions, newly sutured wounds, recipient sites and minor or partial-thickness burns. It can also be used as an initial layer in dressing surgical wounds with light exudate which require mild medication and deodorization.

2. Xeroform Non-Occlusive Dressing

Xeroform non-occlusive dressing is the one that does not seal air or water, just like a porous gauze dressing. It allows the wound to breathe and transfer exudate away from the wound site into a secondary dressing. Non-occlusive Xeroform dressing contains 3% Bismuth Tribromophenate, a bacteriostatic and deodorizing agent. It is ideal for use on chronic wounds, first and second-degree burns, donor and recipient sites, abrasions to tunneling wounds and low to high exuding wounds.

3. Xeroform Petrolatum Dressing

Xeroform petrolatum dressing is a gauze dressing impregnated with 3% Bismuth Tribromophenate and petrolatum. Petrolatum creates a waxy coating that makes the dressing occlusive and non-adherent to provide a moist wound environment. Xeroform petrolatum gauze can be used for minimally draining wounds, post-operative wounds, surgical incisions, first and second-degree burns, lacerations, donor sites and skin grafts. It also provides a deodorizing action which reduces the wound odor.

4. Xeroform Oil Emulsion Dressing

Xeroform oil emulsion dressing contains 3% Bismuth Tribromophenate in a water-in-oil emulsion impregnated on a fine mesh gauze. It helps in providing bacteriostatic action in light to heavily exuding wounds. This low profile dressing easily clings and conforms to the wound bed. It also helps in providing compression therapy and can even be used in deep and shallow wounds.

Comparison between Xeroform Dressings

Image

Xeroform Dressing

Type

Base

Price

Xeroform Dressings - All You Need To Know About Them!

McKesson Xeroform Petrolatum Gauze Dressing

Occlusive

Petrolatum

Starts from $3.56

Xeroform Dressings - All You Need To Know About Them!

Medline Curad Xeroform Petrolatum Gauze Dressing

Occlusive

Petrolatum

Starts from $5.55

Xeroform Dressings - All You Need To Know About Them!

Medline Curad Xeroform Overwrap Petrolatum Gauze Dressing

Occlusive

Petrolatum

Starts from $0.99

Xeroform Dressings - All You Need To Know About Them!

Medtronic Covidien Xeroform Non-Occlusive Oil Emulsion Gauze Dressing

Non-Occlusive

Oil Emulsion

Starts from $13.99

Xeroform Dressings - All You Need To Know About Them!

Medtronic Covidien Xeroform Occlusive Petrolatum Gauze Dressing

Occlusive

Petrolatum

Starts from $1.19

How to change your Xeroform Bandage?

  1. Collect all the supplies like antibiotic ointment, Xeroform gauze, tape, etc., which will be required to dress your wound.

  2. Make sure that you wash your hands before and after dressing the wound.

  3. If required, apply an antibiotic ointment on your wound.

  4. Then cut appropriate length strips of Xeroform dressing and gently place them over the targeted area.

  5. While applying the dressing, try to limit its application on the healthy skin. An overlap of about one inch on to healthy skin is good enough in case your dressing shifts as you move about.

  6. To protect the Xeroform gauze dressing, wrap it with a roll of dry gauze.

  7. While wrapping arms or legs, start from the outermost end and wrap upward towards the body. For example, start at the fingers and work towards the shoulder or start at the toes and wrap upward towards the knee.

  8. Secure it with a tape if required.

  9. You can further secure your dressing with the help of snug fitting clothing.

  10. If your dressing shifts and wound areas become exposed, reinforce the dressing and reapply augment if needed.
     

When to Call the Doctor?

Call your doctor immediately if you see any of the following symptoms:

  • Increased swelling, redness, or warmth in the skin around the wound

  • Bad smell coming from the wound

  • Fluid accumulating under Xeroform dressing

  • Fever above 100.5 degrees F

  • Increased pain

  • Bleeding

  • Chills

 

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