Avulsions

 

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Derived from the French word avellere which means tearing off, avulsions are one of the most severe wound types. The wound is formed by the tearing away of nearly all the layers of skin. This exposes the underlying muscoskeletal structure of the body. Since the deeper tissue is affected, there is a high chance of heavy bleeding. The treatment method for avulsions includes the use of high absorbency gauze dressings that are also sturdy and stable to support the wound. Anti-septic solutions are used to keep the area free from infections. If the avulsion is wide, then it becomes necessary to use stitches to heal the wound but minor avulsions can be treated using tissue adhesives or wound closure strips.

Wound Care for Avulsions

There are two instances while one has to care for avulsions. The first instance when the avulsion injury has occurred. In home or office surroundings, one has to keep a first aid kits to act immediately on the wound, thus reducing the chances of complications and infections. Take the following steps using a first aid kit to administer first contact treatment to the wound:
  • One of the first steps is to stop the bleeding. Use the gauze dressings from the first aid kit to cover the wound and exert a little pressure to slow the bleeding
  • Antiseptic solution or sprays should be used to prevent contamination or infection
  • Once the bleeding has slowed down, use a fresh dressing to cover the wound and secure it
  • If the wound is at a delicate place such as a near an important artery or organ or is bleeding profusely, then rush the person to the hospital immediately
The second instance is the wound care at home. There are a wide range of wound care products that are used to protect the wound and expedite the healing process.
  • Cleaning the Wound – Cleaning the wound is very important as it helps remove the debris and allow for faster healing of the wound. A wound cleanser should be applied to the wound using swab sticks to remove the debris from the wound. You can also use an antimicrobial wound cleanser to disinfect the wound while cleaning it.
  • Dressing the Wound - A wide range of dressings can be used to dress the wound depending on the depth and the exudate discharge of the wound. If there is a great amount exudate, you can opt for highly absorbent dressings that help absorb the exudate and still keep a moist healing environment for faster healing. Other dressing options are alginate dressings for packing the wound, antimicrobial and silver dressings for greater infection control, and foam dressings for easier dressing changes. Non-adherent dressings can be used to provide atraumatic dressing changes.
  • Post-Treatment Care - Post treatment care is necessary to reduce scarring and discoloration of the wound region on the skin. Avoiding sunlight during the healing process is important. Use a sunscreen or skin protectant cream on the new skin for at least one year after healing to minimize scarring.

Where to Buy Dressings for Avulsions?

At Shop Wound Care, we have a number of high-quality products from top selling brands such as 3M, Dumex, Mckesson and many more.